Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Two Great Hip Hop Singers free essay sample

There are numerous individuals that accept that hip-bounce music can impact ones conduct. There are two artists who are more critical to me than some other artists. They are complement and Mine. In spite of the fact that emphasize was brought into the world 3 years after Mine, complement music can be like Mine. Their life stones couldnt be progressively extraordinary. Mine was conceived In 1972 and had a troublesome life. His youth was violent, and he was poor until he turned into a fruitful singer.In differentiate, complement raised by his grandparents after his dad ran out and his mom was shot when he was just eight years. HIS youth was intense. Furthermore, both Mine and emphasize turned out to be fruitful and acclaimed. They nearly had comparable adolescence, however they had diverse melodic preparing. Mine started rapping at the early age of 4 preceding he at 14 years old be increasingly genuine in it. That was the point at which he started performing rap in the storm cellar of his secondary school companions home. We will compose a custom article test on Two Great Hip Hop Singers or on the other hand any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Coincidentally Mine found emphasize ability and they work out gather.In numerous ways, their music, execution style, and capacities are fundamentally the same as. Them two just sing rap and hip-jump. They frequently sing uproarious, and cause you to feel healthiness. At long last, Mine and complement are the two musicians just as artists. Mine, be that as it may, is also called essayist than emphasize is. I love both these vocalists music. emphasize voice is unordinary and wonderful just as Mine voice. I like both style and voice tone. At last, Mine and highlight is the best artists rap ever and they cause me to appreciate when I hear them out.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

How to Write in APA Style

The most effective method to Write in APA Style On this scene, we talk about how to compose and organize a paper in APA style, which is most ordinarily utilized in logical composition and sociologies writing in subjects like criminology, human studies, and psychology.Specifically, we address the accompanying topics:What is APA style?Why do we use APA style?What are the essential designing standards? For instance, it ought to be written in 12-point text style, be twofold divided, and have 1-inch edges all around.What are some APA condensing rules? For instance, don't place periods in the middle of letters of shortened forms except if its a Latin truncation or the words U.S. or on the other hand U.K.How would it be advisable for me to utilize diagrams and charts in APA style? For instance, message inside outlines and figures must be Sans Serif and be between 8 to 14-point textual style in size.What should my cover sheet resemble? For instance, it ought to incorporate the papers title, creators name, and organizations name focused an d in title case.What is a theoretical and what would it be a good idea for it to resemble? For instance, the Abstract passage is in 12-point textual style and is twofold spaced.What ought to in-content references resemble? For instance, in-content references ought to incorporate the creators last name followed constantly of publication.How should the references page be designed? For instance, References ought to be focused at the top, without intense, italics, or underlining.

Wednesday, August 19, 2020

Startup Hubs Around the World Santiago de Chile

Startup Hubs Around the World Santiago de Chile The capital city of Chile, Santiago is the country’s financial, cultural and political center. A forward thinking government initiative has begun the process of bringing Santiago into the entrepreneurial marketplace, with the intention of bringing Chilean companies to the world. By establishing a startup initiative that has set a standard for other nations to follow, Chile is making it clear that they are determined to have success in the entrepreneurial race. How is Santiago establishing itself as a startup market? © | Matyas RehakIn this article, we’ll discover the 1) benefits of its location, 2) the tax incentives, 3) legal incentives, 4) investors, 5) resources, and 6) specialization of the area, along with 7) startups to watch.LOCATIONLocated in the tiny nation of Chile, Santiago is nestled between large mountain ranges, in the middle of the country’s central valley. A short flight to the United States allows entrepreneurs access to other startup markets such as Silicon Valley, and provides access to investors and suppliers.Geographical BenefitsThe beautiful city of Santiago is located in the narrow country of Chile, along the coast of South America. A short distance from both beaches and mountains make this a tropical paradise that attracts visitors from all around the world. For the entrepreneur looking to find a startup hub, Santiago offers the best of every possible world: business, entertainment and recreation. A well-established business center, it has the infras tructure already in place to support the business of entrepreneurship. As the capital city, it is the political center of the country, providing legal and governmental support to the further development of the startup market.Drawing people from all across South America, Santiago is one of the doorways to the Latin American market. To increase its visibility as a startup market, the city needs to begin to promote itself as not only a place to work, but as a place to create. Capitalizing on the influence the city already has will help to springboard the startup community into a globalized position.Advantages to choosing the cityThe thriving community of Santiago is already geared towards success. As the financial center of the country, the city has the resources and tools necessary to create a culture of innovation and design. Its well-developed cultural offerings add depth to the city, providing inspiration and motivation for the entrepreneur and combining to create an environment wh ere creativity is celebrated.Although Santiago tends to be more of a conservative city, the continued push for innovation and the attractiveness of the city are working to bring new thoughts and plans to the startup market, making it one of the cities to watch for the future.TAX INCENTIVESTaxation in Santiago is competitive with other nations around the world. Corporate tax rates are currently set at 20%, a relatively low tax rate in comparison with other global rates. There is low government corruption, a stable government structure and strong property ownership rights. © Flickr | OuiShareSantiago recently unveiled their  Start-Up Chile program (2010), which offers a host of benefits and advantages to companies establishing a startup in Chile. Entrepreneurs in Santiago can take advantage of this program as well. The purpose of the Start-Up Chile program is to attract high potential, early stage entrepreneurs to Chile in an effort to promote Chile’s startup culture and bring it on to the global stage as a viable hub for innovation and entrepreneurship in Latin America. To accomplish this goal, the Start-Up Chile program offers selected startups $40,000 in equity-free funding and a 1 year temporary visa, along with coaching, development and mentoring. As part of the startup agreement, the company must be located in Chile for six months, as well as attend various monthly meetings and participate in demo days.The prospect of ‘free money’ to live in Santiago for a year while getting a startup off the ground appeals to many: for the 100 spots available, over 1700 companies applied for the most recent round of funding. It is hard to turn down the idea of receiving the funding, however, there are some hidden costs and expenses that must be considered when determining if Santiago is the right fit for your startup.Foreign entrepreneurs who wish to locate in Santiago must take into account the language barrier of this Latin American company. The primary language of the nation is Spanish, which can cause additional hurdles for a company that is trying to become established. The Start-Up funding is a great way to finance the early stages of a company; however, it creates a catch-22 situation where the company must already be located in country to get the funding to find housing and office space.LEGAL INCENTIVESIn an effort to boost the entrepreneurial spirit of the nation, Chile recently unveiled a new, online process for registering a company. Easily accomplished over the internet, the company can be legally incorporated in one day â€" making it one of the fastest startup times in the world. With strong government support, the legalities of starting a company in Santiago are minimal. The leaders of the Start-Up Chile movement have streamlined the process, and a secure government ensures that government corruption is virtually nonexistent. This allows for the entrepreneur to focus on building their company â€" and not worry about being fined, i mprisoned or otherwise penalized for obscure legalities.There is a sense of trust and camaraderie within the startup community of Santiago, an attitude that is infectious in the business world. The culture of Santiago is trusting of foreigners, allowing the entrepreneur to comfortably offer goods and services to the Chileans, without fear of reprisal. There is no social stigma for outsiders who wish to do business in the country, and the legal system is easy to navigate; successful companies can be seen in every area of industry.Big corporations have begun to establish headquarters in the Santiago business district, creating an environment that fosters creativity, innovation and trust. This adds to the ease of doing business within Santiago, making it easier for entrepreneurs to establish their companies there. To effectively maximize the draw of Santiago as a startup hub, the entrepreneur community needs to develop and promote a core startup community. A well-established startup co mmunity that can provide training, support and networking opportunities will further grow the entrepreneurial hub in Santiago. There is a basic community,  Santiago Startup Weekend, but a more organized and developed group would provide more resources and structure to their hub.INVESTORSOne of the largest downsides to establishing a startup in Santiago is the lack of angel funds or venture capital groups. Chileans (and by extension, Santiagoans) are historically risk averse investors. The natives are predominantly conservative in business and planning, which creates a culture where entrepreneurs can be discouraged by the lack of support and funding. In addition, investors often overlook foreign companies, preferring to support national companies. For the entrepreneur who is trying to establish a company on foreign soil, this can be disconcerting.Interest in the growing startup community has had an impact in the  availability of investors. While Santiago has previously been lacking i n the number of investors, the tide is beginning to turn. A predominately big-business focus is switching to newer, smaller companies as the tech market heats up in Santiago.A drawback to the willingness of investors to fund startups is the overall high percentage of startups that fail in their early years. The Chilean people have an aversion to failure, so companies that are engaged in newer technology or who are on the edge of financial stability but just can’t seem to make it over the last hurdle are typically not considered for investor support.The Chilean government, in conjunction with the Start-Up Santiago program, needs to emphasize the potential for return on investment to larger investment firms. A drawback to this plan is the large number of companies that establish themselves in Chile, and then relocate to another, investor friendly city during the middle stages of development. The absence of experienced startup entrepreneurs is another indicator of the lack of financi al investors â€" when there aren’t enough people who have experience, investors tend to become nervous.Fixing the gap caused by a lack of early stage funding must be a priority for Santiago to truly become competitive on the global scale. Encouraging companies to take risks on new technology or markets, and encouraging growing startups to remain in the city for the duration of its growth are top priorities for Santiago.LOCAL RESOURCESEntrepreneurs who take advantage of the Start-Up Chile funding can use the $40,000 to cover the expense of living arrangements. Unfortunately, however, the availability of housing is scarce, and the language barrier between the foreign entrepreneur and the landlord is a definite hurdle. There is an adjustment to living in the Santiago culture â€" something the entrepreneur must take into account while trying to establish their company.A primary need of a startup is the easy access to customers. Having direct access to customers allows a company to max imize customer feedback, draw customer attention to new/fledgling services and easily promote the new company. By locating in a Latin American country, the company is uniquely positioned to reach the Latin American population. If your product or service is geared towards this market, Santiago is an excellent choice for startup location. If the company’s product or services are geared towards an American customer or market, establishing a company in Santiago will be counter-productive.Santiago is well connected as a city: it boasts an international airport, a carefully planned subway system and a network of roads to connect the city. Transportation in and around Santiago is accessible and easy to use. As the cultural center of Chile, Santiago boasts of several museums, art centers and cultural landmarks, in addition to an extensive secondary education program that is offered through universities and colleges.A young and vibrant city, the labor market is full of well-educated and av ailable employees. The city is active with cultural activities and entertainment, an attraction that helps employees find something to do during their time off. The temperate climate allows for year round enjoyment of the beautiful surroundings, and the natural attractions of the mountains and ski resorts. Several sports teams play in Santiago, providing yet another attractive option for entertainment.SPECIALIZATIONSantiago is home to a wide range of developed industries. This can be both a positive â€" there are a range of industries to cater to; and a negative â€" it is difficult to find a new industry in which to start. As the fledgling startup industry grows, it is unclear what direction the hub will take. There is a clear need for innovation and technology that can be directed towards one of Chile’s many industries. By focusing innovative technologies towards the Latin American culture, there are a vast number of fields that the startup market can approach.Santiago is a fairl y modern city; however there is a large socio-economic disparity between the wealthy and the ‘middle class’. Finding a way to bridge this gap or address some of the environmental concerns of air pollution, earthquake damage or transportation concerns are all key areas that startups could address.STARTUPS TO WATCHUniplaces: No matter where you are in the world,  Uniplaces can help you find and pay for student housing abroad. Using their unique system, users can check out pictures of an apartment, find out about amenities, ask questions about the neighborhood and book it â€" all from their computer. By connecting students with landlords, Uniplaces takes the guesswork out of apartment hunting, and saves you from having to wait until you get in country to find a place to live.Agent Piggy: A virtual piggy bank for kids,  Agent Piggy teaches children the benefits of earning, saving and donating money in a fun and unique way. Competing in fun challenges, logging in any allowances or ot her earnings and establishing a budget are just some of the activities that kids can participate in online. Parents love the interactive tool, and can help teach their children the importance of smart money skills. An online piggy market provides opportunities for donating to charity groups as well as buying items that kids love. Based on a set fee structure, the online piggy bank is a great way to teach good money habits while having fun.Vendobots: The convenience of vending machines, with the ease of technology.  Vendobots is a vending machine managing company that has a custom app and online platform to manage a network of machines. Little human intervention is necessary for the maintenance and replenishment of these machines â€" computer generated reports give quick snapshot information about product usage and sellouts.Austral3D: Using the technology of video games such as Call of Duty,  Austral 3D is designed to provide training and education for students studying industrial ca reers. With a flexible training program, and easy to understand material, the software quickly teaches students in an engaging manner the ins and outs of industrial workplaces. Students experience the realities of work in a 3D environment, making the realistic training vital to their success in the workplace. Using game methodology to train employees and students is a successful and captivating method of teaching and learning. Resources available include visualizations, simulations, virtual animations and 4D visualizations.Motion Displays: Retail productivity software developers  Motion Displays provides retail employees with the tools to convert inquiries into sales. Using handheld technology, retail employees are able to check inventories across locations in real time, as well as guide customers to exactly the product they need. Interactive software on handheld devices allows customers to respond to specific questions to determine the needed product, and then find the item in stoc k. Predictive analysis and collected data are used to give customers a successful shopping experience, and allows the company to gather customer input while driving up sales. Image credit: Flickr | OuiShare under Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

A Thesis About Bodily Integrity - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2329 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2019/05/15 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Integrity Essay Did you like this example? Elizabeth Loeb explores bodily autonomy in the context of politics and U.S. laws in her article, Cutting it Off: Bodily Integrity, Identity Disorders, and the Sovereign Stakes of Corporeal Desire in U.S. Law. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "A Thesis About Bodily Integrity" essay for you Create order From this article, I have gathered that the U.S. government, legally, has the right to dictate what one can and cannot do with their bodies. Within Loebs analysis, she compares the different motions in which a trans person must go through to make their physical body match their identity versus a white cis woman requesting breast augmentation to fit patriarchal norms of beauty (Loeb, 47). One is subjected to years of psychiatric testing and strict regime, another is not, respectively. Then, she examines the ways in which government property incarcerated peoples or those in the military can commit acts of treason by forcibly modifying their bodies. Legally, these individuals are unauthorized to perform such tasks, and by doing so they would be charged with destruction of government property (Loeb, 49). Lastly, Loeb references abortion and the way that the possibility of another life is used as a tool of control against the pregnant. She also argues that U.S. justices continually justify their decision not in legal terms, but in physical ones, asserting again and again their ability to determine the terms of corporeal life (57). To have a corporeal life means to have a physical life similarly to habeas corpus, meaning you have a body. The irony in this is that habeas corpus is embedded within the U.S. constitution, but this undeniable right is manipulated to fit the con text of the matter. When Loeb brought up abortion, I began to think about the opposite of abortion and bodily integrity what if one used science and technology to create a life? Moreover, what if someone used that ?artificial life to cater to another being that lacks bodily integrity already? This led me to the 2004 novel, My Sisters Keeper, written by Jodi Picoult. The story follows 13-year old Anna Fitzgerald on her journey to sue her parents for medical emancipation after she discovers she was genetically engineered to save her old sister Kate, who is slowly dying from leukemia, and only she can provide the correct supplements. In short, Anna is a forced savior sibling. The English Oxford Dictionary defines a savior sibling as followed: a child conceived through selective in vitro fertilization to be a possible source of donor organs or cells for an existing brother or sister with a life-threatening medical condition. Due to the realization that she was created to save her dying sister, Anna decides that she wants to be more than just that. She sues her guardians for medical emancipation, so she does not have to provide bone marrow, blood transfusions, and most importantly, a kidney for Kate. Anna feels as though she has no freedom with her life and guiltily wishes Kate would die for this reason, despite her love for her sister. She explains that the donating never stops, and that she did not consent to it either. When told that obviously, youve agreed to be a donor for your sister before she replies with nobody ever asked (Picoult, 11). This exemplifies the slippery slope in which savior siblings find themselves in, where one donation leads to another, getting increasingly more invasive until the sibling is either cured or eventually dies. ARGUMENT The true story that inspired My Sisters Keeper took place in 2000. The Nash family from Colorado engineered the first savior sibling to gain national attention in which they successfully provided a cure for Fanconi anemia, a very rare but ultimately fatal illness (H? ¤yry, 7). Unable to find a bone marrow match for sickly six-year old Molly Nash, they used in-vitro fertilization to select an embryo without the Fanconi gene, which led to the birth of her younger brother Jack. From then on, their family was caught in a heated debate in which many criticized them for being selfish. Responses to the case consisted of: why would someone have a child just to place such expectations on them at a couple seconds old; this baby is not wanted as an addition to the family, but as a cure; and lastly, children are not spare body parts (Hendrickson). After uncovering the true story in which Picoults novel was loosely based off of, several questions came to mind. What conditions are serious enough to warrant these lengths from a parent? What counts as ?consent in these instances? What are the psychological and physical consequences of the savior sibling? Should parents have the right to offer their childrens lives in favor of another? Of my research, I contest that children must be taught bodily autonomy and consent from a young age. Although reactions to the situations that Anna Fitzgerald/Jack Nash found themselves in contrasted each other, I stand by my claim that a child should not be manipulated into believing someone elses life depends on theirs and should not be placed in such a position until they are able to fully understand the outcome. People have children for many different reasons. Anna Fitzgerald was medically engineered to provide what her sister lacked. This placed her in a precarious position within their familial hierarchy as well as retracting her ability to consent. Consent is usually given verbally through a yes or no. In Annas case, she was too young to express her consent, stating that the first time I gave something to my sister, it was cord blood, and I was a newborn (Picoult, 11). This set a precedent for every other medical procedure she would undergo throughout her life. No consent was asked, and because these procedures started from such a young age, she was socialized to believe it was normal. That was, until she was toldthat they chose little embryonic me, specifically, because I could save my sister, Kate (Picoult, 4). Ironically, Anna did not consent to being born, or being born for this specific reason. Because of this, Anna explains how she feels as though she is just as sick as Kate, becaus e she has just as little to no freedom in her life. Anna has a moral obligation to her sister that she struggles with going against but chooses to sue for medical emancipation out of disdain for the impending outcome as Kates health goes downhill. Janelle Mills points out that the language surrounding Annas donations further places her in a tight spot. Anna is in fact, not donating but forcibly and compulsory exchanging parts of her body to make up for what her sister lacks (Mills, 11). I wondered what the conditions were to become a donor in general, and found the guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics, which are listed as follows from Bruce Crooks Defending the Donor: When at-Risk Siblings Cannot Consent: No other suitable alternate source of stem cells is available. Donor and recipient have a strong, positive relationship. Strong chance of beneficial result for recipient from donation. Clinical, psychological and emotional risks for the donor are minimized. Informed parental consent and donor assent (when possible) be obtained. As one can see, consent from the donor is not required because it is possible that consent cannot be verbally given. A newborn baby simply cannot consent to having blood taken from their umbilical cord to harvest stem cells. Does this mean the definition of consent should be modified or strictly defined in cases of savior siblings? Lacking a solid definition of consent can lead to damaging psychological effects on the donor in exchange for the health of the donee. One suggestion to prevent this would be to have frequent mental health checkups on both siblings involved and make it known that consent is retractable (Cordelia). It is important to note that instances that warrant savior siblings are not clearly defined. Life-threatening medical condition(s) are what the English Oxford Dictionary provides in their definition of a savior sibling, but there are no strict guidelines on what is necessary to consider the engineering of a savior sibling; there are only guidelines for who can be considered a donor. This opens up a plethora of situations in which a savior sibling could be viable, but not absolutely necessary. It also opens the doors for conversation about the convenient ever-changing definition of what consent is. Loeb mentions how definitions of consent change especially when newborn bodily mutilation/modification is at stake. Baby boys are subject to nonconsensual circumcision at birth for nothing other than looks (Loeb, 52). Circumcision is not healthier for the baby and it puts the child in extreme pain. Would taking blood from the umbilical cord of a newborn also be considered bodily mutilation? I am not a medical professional; therefore, I can do nothing but pose the question. It is important to make these comparisons, though, because the principal of the situations are similar. Studies have proven that one-third of children who have served as tissue donors for siblings developed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychosocial developmental issues (Mills, 11). Anxiety, depression, poor social relations, and low self-concept are just a few other psychological issues a savior sibling can often experience (Packman, 701). In addition to psychological ailments, savior siblings have to deal with physical pain despite being healthy. Bone marrow transplants cause deep bone pain and constantly giving blood leaves painful bruises. The procedures are both physically and mentally draining, and when coupled with the obligation that they are to save their sickly sibling heightens the psychological impact on a young and impressionable mind. Emotional rifts between siblings or even family have been proven to be a consequence of the savior sibling complex as well. It can produce feelings of inferiority towards the ailing sibling, feelings of unimportance, vulnerabilit y, and guilt due to the seriousness of responsibilities bestowed upon the donor (Mills, 30). Because of the conflicting morality of the situation, the donor may feel as though their life is disposable, or that their only purpose in life is to save their brother or sister. Anna Fitzgerald exemplifies this greatly and this is exactly what compels her to sue for medical emancipation from her parents. She struggles with coming to the decision out of love for her sister, but ultimately decides she can no longer withstand having control over her own bodily integrity. Anna asks herself, if you have a sister and she dies, do you stop saying you have one? Or are you always a sister, even when the other half of the equation is gone (Picoult, 72)? Her identity, literally, lies in Kates life. If Kate dies, her entire existence, she thinks, does not have any value. Being told that she was created to save her sister has obviously mentally coerced her into having a low self-concept, which Cordelia noted previously as an outcome of being the savior sibling. Anna had no one to advocate for h er rights, therefore she had to herself. By suing for medical emancipation, Anna is retracting her consent for the sake of discovering who she is. She is making a statement with her and her sisters health in mind one mentally, one physically, respectively. CONCLUSION Upon my findings, I still stand by my position that children must be taught bodily autonomy and consent from a young age. This will set the premise for how they govern themselves and conceptualize their rights as their own individual person. To understand savior siblings, one must understand that it is complex with emotional, physical, psychological, and ethical issues from both the donor and the donee. In this essay, however, I decided the focus on the implications of being the savior sibling rather than the one who needs saving. Returning to the Nash family from Colorado, Jack and Molly appear to have no qualms about their relationship, and in fact have stated that they believe it gives them a unique bond (Hendrickson). However, Picoults depiction of the savior sibling debate exposes the harsher side of things. Being a savior sibling has been proven to increase existential crises in the donor sibling as well as hinder their psychosocial skills later on in life. PTSD, anxiety, and d epression are common within the savior sibling as well. As harsh as it may sound, I believe that engineering another child in order to save a pre-existing one is immoral and unfair, especially to the donor sibling. Studies have proven there are more costs than benefits to creating a bond through savior siblings. If one does not teach their child about bodily autonomy and consent from a young age they will not be capable of adequately making judgements about their body later on in life. A childs body is absolutely theirs, and pressuring one who cannot fully understand the extent of a situation into consenting to the responsibility of keeping another person alive does more harm to the individual than it does good for the family. The use of a savior sibling should not be the first option in instances of life-threatening instances. As I have learned, there are many psychological, physical, and emotional ailments that come along with being dubbed the savior sibling like a moral contract to the ill brother or sister that leaves the donor feeling unwanted or less than. I personally believe that if a savior sibling is absolutely necessary i.e., there is already no cure or no pre-existing perfect match to create one the least invasive procedures should be performed until the child is legally allowed to consent and fully understand the stakes. Although Anna Fitzgeralds struggle is fictional, Jake and Molly Nashs were not; and even though Picoults novel is in direct contrast to the Nash familys everyday life, it details the legal, moral, and ethical fight to reclaim Annas bodily integrity and exposes the darker side of the savior sibling complex. Picoults novel should serve as a reminder that consent and bodily autonomy, especially in younger children, should be taught from a young age, and no childs life should be at the expense of anothers.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Essay on Memorable Family Moments Caught by Photography

Memorable Family Moments Caught by Photography Family photographs have enabled me to develop a way to keep my family with me all the time, even when they are really not there. These pictures of my family represent a wide variety of importance and emotions in my life. Many of them serves as a link to my home life, since I am away at college without my family I allow their pictures to be decorations (memoirs) in my apartment. Some of them mean more than others, some are recent, and others come from my childhood. A picture I have framed on the center wall in my apartment is of my family on vacation this summer; it depicts our true selves and exemplifies how much we truly love one another. I am†¦show more content†¦These are usually the times where they snap pictures of their love ones to create memories of happy, quality times with one another, especially if these times are not easy to come across. On my family trips and on the family trips of others the idea of being united and having fun together is exemplified through th ese informal photographs we take. In an article by Judith Williamson called Family, Education, Photography, she discusses how with the informal arrives a new element, never so highly developed as in contemporary family photography: the necessity of fun(339). Families in turn can show the fun they have with one another in these pictures of their vacation and other informal, happy times with one another. Judith Williamsons article also has several other important viewpoints on family photography and how it has changed over the years. She states that in earlier family images it seemed enough for the family members to be presented to the camera, to be externally documented; but now this is not enough, and internal states of constant delight are to be revealed on film(339). 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Stage One is concerned with establishing the ways in which the past brought the organization to its present position. The present is transient: it is the fleeting moment between the past and the future when one must take one’s understanding of the past and link this to the development of one’s aspirations for the future. Decisions are made (with both planning and control consequences) in the present, but their impactRead MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words   |  1186 Pagesand doctorate in operations management from the College of Business, University of Oregon. He is certified Scrum Master. v â€Å"Man’s mind, once stretched by a new idea, never regains its original dimensions.† Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. To my family who have always encircled me with love and encouragement—my parents (Samuel and Charlotte), my wife (Mary), my sons and their wives (Kevin and Dawn, Robert and Sally) and their children (Ryan, Carly, Connor and Lauren). C.F.G. â€Å"We must not cease

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Biological Effects on Hunger and Satiation Free Essays

There Is a theory called duel control theory that assumes that the feeling of hunger and satiation are controlled by two parts of the hypothalamus the lateral hypothalamus and the venturesome hypothalamus. It is stated that the venturesome hypothalamus Is triggered by an Increase In the glucose levels during eating, It then gives out the feeling of satiation (fullness) causing a person to stop eating. Whereas the decline In glucose level triggers the lateral hypothalamus which then gives out the feeling of hunger making the Individual want to eat. We will write a custom essay sample on Biological Effects on Hunger and Satiation or any similar topic only for you Order Now This theory Is backed by a study conducted by Withering and ransom (1942) who found that after creating lesions (damage) In a rats VIM they found that the rate become obese and overate, thus showing the rat sots its feeling of satiety and had no holds on how much to eat. Another study done by And and broke (1 951 ) showed that when the LA in rats was damaged or had a lesion it led to the loss of eating in the rat. The problem with these studies is that they are conducted on rats which begs the question are whether you can extrapolate the findings and generalist them on humans. Although they are found to have a similar gene structure to humans, we are still two very different species and humans are a far more complex organism, with mood, feelings etc. Also both the studies are very old which questions there reliability, with far less knowledge about the brain in 1950 the study could have been effected by other factors for example causing lesions in the VIM tends to also damage the parenthetical nucleus which is another area of the hypothalamus. Withering Ransom did not take this into account which has effectively caused a loss in the reliability of their study. Not only this but Gold (1973) found that lesions in the VIM alone did not cause hyperplasia and stated that t is likely that damage done to the parenthetical nuclease ( the area were Withering and ransom caused damage) helps to cause hyperplasia, but there is one problem with Gold study and its that it has never been replicated and research has been found that shows that lesions in the Vim does cause overeating. The duel control theory is a very reductionism theory as it assumes that the sole control of eating and feelings of hunger and satiety are biological and does not take Into inconsideration environmental and emotional factors on why people have such eating characteristics. It is also quite determinist In the way that it says the all control Is biological meaning we individually have no control In It and that Is Is programmed and that we have no say In the matter, which Is seen In everyday life to be Incorrect as you see people going through life changes who’s eating characteristics completely change. Another theory Is that gherkin (a hormone given off by the stomach) triggers he hypothalamus to stimulate the sensation of hunger. Cummings (et al) did a studios 6 participants and monitored there gherkin levels during after and before eating throughout the day. She found that people’s gherkin levels fell straight after rose and peaked at the feeling of hunger. She concluded that gherkin levels directly affected the level of hunger a person was feeling and reflected the emptiness of their stomach. The study was highly flawed as it had a lot of methodological issues. Firstly he study was carried out on 6 male participants meaning we cannot extrapolate the findings to the general public and only to men. Another problem is that it is a very artificial environment which could of effected the participants behavior and caused nervousness or anxiety which could have effected results as they were being monitored. Lastly the study is a correlation one meaning we can conclude cause and effect. However this story does coincide and supports findings from previous research on gherkin. How to cite Biological Effects on Hunger and Satiation, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Exam Three Study Guide free essay sample

Western Canada and Texas-New Mexico | | The three orogenies of the Devonian were: | c. Acadian, Antler, Ellesmere | | Cratonic Sequence 3 (Kaskaskia) can be identified by the presence of the basal: | b. Oriskany Sandstone in New York State | | The most useful criteria to distinguish deposits of Cratonic Sequence 3 (Kaskaskia) from Cratonic Sequence 2 (Tippecanoe) on the craton would include: | a. fossil assemblages | | | b. stratigraphic position | | Devonian reef complexes in western Canada are important because they: | a. are important hydrocarbon reservoirs | | | b. ormed barriers which resulted in potash rich evaporite deposits | | | c. are important paleoclimatic indicators | | Mississippian carbonate sequences are characterized by all but which of the following: | e. trilobites | | Cyclothems represent: | d. transgressive and regressive sequences | | The Ouachita system changed in terms of style of sedimentation from a passive margin to an active margin in the: | d. Early Missi ssippian | | At the end of the Permian, the suture between Gondwana and Laurasia was marked by a continuous moutain chain in which three mobile belts? | d. We will write a custom essay sample on Exam Three Study Guide or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Ouachita, Appalachian, Hercynian | | Chapter 12amp;13 In which period were amphibians and seedless vascular plants most abundant? | b. Pennsylvanian | | Based on similarity of embryo development, which invertebrate phylum is most closely allied with the chordates? | a. Echinodermata | | The greatest recorded mass extinction on Earth occurred at the end of what period? | d. Permian | | The fossils of the Burgess Shale are significant because they provide a rare glimpse of: | b. the soft-part anatomy of extinct groups | | | c. soft-bodied animals | | What type of invertebrates dominated the Ordovician invertebrate community? d. epifaunal benthonic sessile suspension feeders | | The first organisms to construct reeflike structures were: | b. archaeocyathids | | Which of the following organisms is an example of an epifaunal benthonic suspension feeder? | d. articulate brachiopod | | The major organic-walled phytoplankton group of the Paleozoic Era was: | a. Acritarchs | | An exoskeleton is advantageous because it: | a. prevents drying out in an intertidal environment | | | b. provides protection against ultraviolet radiation | | | c. provides protection against predators | | | d. rovides attachment sites for development of strong muscles | | | | | Which plant group first successfully invaded land? | a. seedless vascular | | Ostracoderms are | a. jawless fish | | Labyrinthodonts are: | c. amphibians | | Which of the following fish groups was the first to evolve jaws? | c. acanthodians | | Amphibians evolved from which of the following groups? | e. lobe-finned fish | | Which algal group was the probable ancestor of vascular plants? | a. green | | The most significant evolutionary change that allowed reptiles to colonize all of the land was the evolution of: | d. n egg that contained a food-and-waste sac and surrounded the embryo in a fluid-filled sac | | Based on similarity of embryo development, which invertebrate phylum is most closely allied with the chordates? | d. Echinodermata | | The first plant group that did not require a wet area for part of its life cycle was the: | e. gymnosperms | | Which of the following must an organism possess during at least part of its life cycle, to be classified as a chordate? | e. notochord, dorsal hollow nerve cord, gill slits | | Which reptile group gave rise to the mammals? | e. herapsids | | Which of the following three groups of invertebrates comprised the majority of Cambrian skeletonized life? | e. trilobites, archaeocyathids, brachiopods | | The age of the Burgess Shale is: | b. Cambrian | | Which group of invertebrates are excellent guide fossils for the Pennsylvanian and Permian periods? | c. fusulinids | | Mass extinctions occurred at the end of which three periods? | a. Cambrian, Ordovician, Permian | | | c. Ordovician, Devonian, Permian | | Pelagic organisms are divided into which two main groups? | c. plankton, nekton | | Chapter 14 What is the evidence for the breakup of Pangaea? | a. rift valleys | | | b. dikes | | | c. great quantities of poorly sorted nonmarine detrital sandstones | | | d. sills | | | The first Mesozoic orogeny in the Cordilleran region was the: | | b. Nevadan | | | d. Sonoma | | The Mesozoic tectonic history of the North American Cordilleran region is very complex and involves: | a. oceanic-continent convergence | | | b. terrane accretion | | The formation or complex responsible for the spectacular scenery of the Painted Desert and Petrified Forest is the: | c. Chinle | | The Sierra Nevada, Southern California, Idaho, and Coast Range batholiths formed as a result of which orogeny? | d. Nevadan | | The first major seaway to flood North America was the: | d. Sundance | | The orogeny responsible for the present-day Rocky Mountains is the: | c. Laramide | | The Jurassic formation or complex famous for dinosaur fossils that Marietta Colleges dinosaur program is famous for digging in each summer and will be going to visit in Utah during May to collect more dinosaurs from is the: | a. Morrison | | The breakup of Pangaea began with initial Triassic rifting between which two continental landmasses? d. Laurasia and Gondwana | | The time of greatest post-Paleozoic inundation of the craton (by transgressive seas) occurred during which global period? | a. Cretaceous | | A possible cause for the eastward migration of igneous activity in the Cordilleran region during the Cretaceous was a change from: | b. high angle to low angle subduction | | The mountain building event that began in the Jurassic and continued into the Cenozoic (and is also named after the whole mobile belt on the western portions of North America) is called the: | a. Cordilleran Orogeny | | The three phases of the Cordilleran orogeny in order from oldest to youngest are: | d. Nevadan, Sevier, Laramide | | All but which of the following evolved during the Mesozoic? | b. reptiles | | During the Jurassic, the newly forming Gulf of Mexico was the site of primarily what type of deposition? | a. evaporites | | Which formation or group filled the Late Triassic fault-block basins of the east coast of North America with red nonmarine sandstones? | e. Newark | |